Question: When was the erie canal built?

Why was the Erie Canal built?

It was built to create a navigable water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes, originally stretching for 363 miles (584 km) from the Hudson River in Albany to Lake Erie in Buffalo.

When did the Erie Canal started being built?

Built between 1817 and 1825, the original Erie Canal traversed 363 miles from Albany to Buffalo. It was the longest artificial waterway and the greatest public works project in North America. The canal put New York on the map as the Empire State—the leader in population, industry, and economic strength.

How long did it take to build the Erie Canal?

The canal was completed in only 8 years at a cost of $7,000,000. When completed on October 26, 1825, DeWitt Clinton (by then Governor of New York) boarded a vessel, the Seneca Chief, in Buffalo and headed to New York City.

Who invented the Erie Canal?

In 1816, as a sitting Canal Commissioner, DeWitt Clinton submitted a formal petition to a joint committee of the New York State Senate and Assembly to create a canal system between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

Is Erie Canal still in use today?

New York’s canal system has been in continuous operation since 1825, longer than any other constructed transportation system on the North American continent. Cayuga-Seneca Canal, which connects the Erie Canal to 92 miles of canalized rivers and lakes, including the Seneca River and Cayuga and Seneca Lakes.

How deep is the Erie Canal now?

Fast Facts

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JUST THE FACTS
Canal dimensions, 1825 Original Erie 4 ft deep x 40 ft wide; locks 90 ft long
Canal dimensions, 1862 Enlarged Erie 7 ft deep x 70 ft wide; lock 110 ft long
Canal dimensions, 1918- present Erie Barge Canal 12-23 ft deep x 120- 200 ft wide; locks 310 ft long
Cost to build $7,143,789

How did the Erie Canal help the economy?

The Erie Canal helped to launch the consumer economy. Farmers could grow wheat in western New York, sell it and have cash to buy furniture and clothing shipped up the canal that they otherwise would have made at home,” Kelly says. “That was the first inklings of the consumer economy.”

How many Irish died building the Erie Canal?

By the time the canal opened in 1838, 8,000 Irish laborers had succumbed to cholera and yellow fever. Over the following decade, the canal was enlarged and shell roads were built alongside it.

What tools did they use to build the Erie Canal?

The work was to be done using horses, mules, wagons, wheelbarrows, hand tools, and thousands of Irish laborers. Ingenuity also played its part. They invented the stump-puller, an ingenious device that enabled six men and a team of horses to pull and remove thirty to forty stumps in a day.

What president built the Erie Canal?

DeWitt Clinton His efforts paid off, and in 1817 the first canal authorization bill passed by a narrow margin. Clinton was elected Governor later that year, just before construction of the Erie Canal started at Rome on July 4, 1817.

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Can you swim in the Erie Canal?

Swimming, diving or fishing in the lock chambers or from the lock walls or any other canal structure is prohibited. Hunting on, at or near canal locks or any other canal structure is prohibited.

Does the Erie Canal have locks?

Locks are elevators for boats, lifting and lowering them as they travel along the waterway. Today, there are 57 locks on New York’s canal system, including 35 on the Erie Canal, 11 on the Champlain Canal, seven on the Oswego Canal, and four on the Cayuga-Seneca Canal.

Did slaves work on the Erie Canal?

Lemmey points out that slavery was not yet abolished in New York during the construction of the Erie Canal, from 1817 to 1825. It ended in the state in 1827. She says that slaves and free blacks living in New York at the time were among those who built the waterway.

What was the goal of the Erie Canal?

A major goal was to link Lake Erie and the other Great Lakes with the Atlantic Coast through a canal. The Erie Canal, completed on October 25, 1825 improved transportation and helped populate the interior of the U.S.

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